How To Use Suppositories

Suppository is a unique dosage form designed for rectal administration. Rectal route is preferred over oral, injectable and other dosage forms for selected drugs because: i) Convenient to administer a) in elderly and children b) in cases where oral administration is not possible such as nausea, vomiting, convulsions , induced sedation etc. ii) Better than injectables - no pricks and no pain iii) Also avoids side effects like gastric irritation, nausea etc. and ensures better absorption as it avoids chemical interactions in gastrointestinal tract. Globally suppositories are used for treating various ailments and are preferred for cases such as constipation, haemorrhoids (piles) and fever in children.

Strip Pack

Bottle Pack

Blister Pack

Instructions to use:

1. Not to be taken by mouth. For rectal administration only.

2. Detach one suppository along the perforation from blister pack.

a. Separate tabs at top opening (Peel apart here) and pull downward from the pointed end. Continue pulling downward to     almost the full length of the suppository

b. In case of strip pack tear the strip pack and remove one suppository from it.

3. If required moisten the suppository with water for easy insertion.

4. Gently push the suppository well up in to the rectum

a. For grown up chilldren and adults:Suppository can be inserted in standing or sleeping position

b. For babies: Hold legs to expose rectal area. Gently push suppository well in to the rectum

5. Hold the buttocks firmly for few seconds to ensure proper insertion.

Note: In blister pack (see above images) it is possible that suppositories may soften due to storage at high temperature (above 30 ℃). If suppository softens keep the pack in fridge for minimum 15 minutes and then use.

Other useful advice

  • Ideally suppository should be inserted after passing stools.
  • If after inserting the suppository you pass stools within few minutes then the suppository will be passed out with the stools. In such cases insert one more suppository.
  • Glycerin suppository does not melt completely, after few minutes of retention the bowels are evacuated along with the suppository hence do not worry and no need to insert one more suppository.   
  • Always use the medicine according to the printed label or as instructed by your doctor or pharmacist.
  • If any suppository is accidentally swallowed inform your doctor immediately.